American Bar Association. (2002). American Bar Association Criminal Justice Standards on Pretrial Release. (3rd Ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Bar Association.
Gottfredson, S.D., & Moriarty, L.J. (2006). Statistical risk assessment: Old problems and new applications. Crime and Delinquency, 52, 178-200.
Lowencamp, C.T., Lemke, R., & Latessa, E. (2008). The development and validation of a pretrial screening tool. Federal Probation, 72, 2-9.
Mahoney, B., Beaudin, B.D., Carver, J.A., Ryan, D.B., & Hoffman, R.B. (2001). Pretrial services programs: Responsibilities and potential (NIJ Issues and Practices). Washington, D.C: United States Department of Justice.
Siddiqi, Q. (2005a). An Evaluation of the New Pretrial Release Recommendation System in New York City: Phase II of the Post-Implementation Research. New York, NY: New York City Criminal Justice Agency.
VanNostrand, M. (2003). Assessing Risk Among Pretrial Defendants in Virginia: The Virginia Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument. Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services.
VanNostrand, M. & Keebler, G. (2009). Pretrial risk assessment in the Federal Court. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice.
Winterfield, L., Coggeshall, M., & Harrell, A. (2003). Empirically-based risk assessment instrument: Final report. Urban Institute Justice Policy Center.
Pre-trial Risk Asssessments Examined
Colorado Bond Conditions Assessment (COBCA)
Hennepin County, MN (2006)
Lane County, OR (2009)
Kentucky Pretrial Services (2008)
Ohio Pretrial Assessment Tool (2009)
Outgamie and Racine Counties, WI (2006, 2009)
Virginia Pretrial Assessment Instrument (2009)